加拿大百姓有权知道无烟式替代品的实情

 
 
[大中报讯] yourrighttoknow.ca网站日前发表公告说,目前,由于政府法例所限,消费者很难知悉无烟式替代品的重要讯息;而科学证明相对于吸食香烟,这些加热式烟草产品其实是一个更好的选择。可是,“Bill S-5”法案禁止各公司向消费者分享这些经科学验证的资讯,也不让商店展示这些资料;更不允许传播无烟式烟草产品和传统烟草产品(如香烟)的科学比较结果。这样一来,吸烟者便几乎无从得知这些无烟式替代品的存在。
 
公告介绍说,Rothman, Benson and Hedges Inc. (简称RBH)于不久前发起了一项名为“Your Right To Know”(yourrighttoknow.ca)的倡议,目的是告知吸烟者这些无烟式替代品的存在,让他们获得所需资讯,从而作出选择。事实上,有越来越多的研究证实,吸烟相关疾病的主要成因是烟草在燃烧的过程中,所形成的香烟气雾里包含了有害或潜在有害化学物。因此,只把烟草加热而非燃烧的无烟式替代品,改变了尼古丁的提供方法,将可大大减低吸烟的害处。然而,“Bill S-5”法案却将这些加热式烟草产品视作香烟,导致吸烟者难以准确地区分两者,剥夺了他们的知情权。RBH的高层人士表示,在推广替代式产品时,只能宣传其不会在使用者的衣服、头发和手指上留下气味等好处,却不能提及较传统香烟危害更低的优点。
 
那么,无烟式替代品有什么不同之处呢?
 
加拿大医生协会(Royal College of Physicians)指出, “我们认为,相对传统香烟而言,零售市场上的电子烟及其他新款尼古丁设备是有效、实惠且现成的替代品。这些产品的面世,能令吸烟者所受到的危害降低。”
 
公告结束,以RBH推出的加热式产品“IQOS”为例。若与研究设计的标准参考香烟3R4F Kentucky作比照,IQOS通过加热产生的气雾里,有害或潜在有害成分(HPHCs)含量平均减少90至95%。这说明了,相对于继续吸食燃烧式香烟来说,IQOS能降低吸烟相关疾病的潜在风险。
 
与此同时,许多吸烟者均在寻找能降低风险的香烟替代品,而最近电子烟市场的发展,正正反映了这个需求的存在。从全球范围来看,已有500万消费者转用IQOS。作为RBH的母公司,Philip Morris International更展望,到了2025年,共有4000万的继续吸烟人士转用该公司的无烟式产品。目前,IQOS在已在加拿大、法国、德国、意大利、日本、韩国、荷兰、俄罗斯、英国等38个市场有售。
 
公告最后说,对于吸烟者而言,最好的选择是戒烟。而对于想继续吸烟的人士而言,能了解清楚市面上所提供的无烟式替代品,并在知情下作出选择,方为正确的做法。欲查阅“Your Right To Know”倡议的更多详情,请上yourrighttoknow.ca。
 
 
 
 
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