BBC 中国人,最为死者操心的民族

1394个帖子 / 0个新回复
最新文章
無名氏的头像

  英国BBC中文网日前发表文章,题为《清明祭祀与移风易俗》,摘编如下:

  中国民政部说,从周日到周二的清明节期间,多达4.6亿中国人哀悼和纪念死者。清明扫墓祭祀,缅怀先人寄托哀思是中国人的传统,烧纸钱和其他物品的风俗。

  中国有数千年之久的隆丧厚葬的传统,有人甚至说,中国人是举世公认的最为死者操心的民族。

  许多人为为凸显忠孝,殡葬祭祀时喜欢大操大办,极尽奢华,比如用豪华骨灰盒,高价墓地,大量焚烧纸钱冥币。有报道说,有祭奠者烧纸手机、纸轿车和纸别墅,还有烧纸“二奶”的。

  豪华殡葬祭祀形成了利润巨大的市场,中国大陆的墓地的价格直逼别墅。北京市墓地有的每平米要价人民币21.8万元,高出北京房价10倍。其他地方也是如此。过去20年来,目的价格一涨再涨,超过了房价。珠三角一块墓地动辄几十万。

  中国殡葬祭祀的铺张排场受社会功能和经济功能决定的程度多过单纯的孝道。

  有学者分析,中国家族宗法制的社会结构决定了隆丧厚葬的习俗。殉葬的意义超出埋葬死者的行为本身,而变成了一种家族性的行为,维系家族关系、强化家族意识、壮大家族势力。

  除了家族和祖先崇拜方面的象征意义,殡葬本身也成了规模巨大的经济活动,反映出现代中国社会的另外一个特点,人情关系和金钱崇拜。

  现在对死者隆重祭奠和大肆铺张的做法,同活人,特别是对老年人群体,在中国社会缺乏照顾和保障形成鲜明对比。 有报道说,现在许多“空巢老人”生前很难在养老机构求得一个位置,所谓“一床难求”的现象相当普遍。

  另外由于墓地价格高涨,一些无依无靠的老人死后在公共 墓地“一穴难求”。墓地价格狂涨像是房地产市场投机和泡沫的延续。经济学者一般喜欢从供求关系来解释中国墓地高涨的问题。

  但墓地价格高涨和丧葬铺张也可从中国人对待死亡的世俗态度和传统来理解。许多人认为死者在另外一个世界有着同现时一样的金钱和财产一样的需求,因此才有烧纸钱冥币,各种昂贵豪华的祭品。

  中国是个多民族多元文化的国家,中国自古就有低碳环保的葬礼和祭祀方式。

  拍摄电视片《西藏一年》的导演书云很推崇西藏人天葬的传统,她说:“ 天葬是一种很环保、很绿色的一种走的方式。其实我们来到世界上就是赤条条的,我们这样走了,和风,和天空,和太阳飘散在宇宙空间中了。”

  在中国公众对低碳生活,环保经济意识不断增强的时候,越来越多的人在清明节以环境友好的方式扫墓和祭奠,越来越多的人改变了传统烧纸的做法,而改用鲜花祭祀。

  中国的殡葬祭奠风俗一如时下的中国社会,能否移风易俗,取决于文化传统,追逐利润巨大的经济力量和环保意识如何竞相发挥作用。

20170707yueqin的头像
注册: 2017-07-07

michael kors outlet online

coach outlet online

kate spade purses

adidas outlet store

coach outlet store online

tory burch outlet online

nfl jerseys wholesale

ecco outlet

louis vuitton outlet online

coach factory outlet

mlb jerseys

clarks shoes for women

jimmy choo shoes

michael kors outlet clearance

coach outlet online

coach factory outlet online

coach outlet online

birkenstock shoes

nfl jerseys

ralph lauren sale clearance uk

adidas nmd runner

yeezy boost 350

adidas

michael kors uk

nike outlet store

adidas nmd runner

dansko shoes

polo ralph lauren pas cher

dansko

hermes bags

michael kors bags

ray ban glasses

polo ralph lauren

air max outlet

fitflops sale clearance

swarovski uk

discount oakley sunglasses

longchamp bags

cheap rolex replica watches

ralph lauren sale clearance uk

coach outlet store

coach factory outlet online

nike sneakers

tods outlet

coach outlet online

sac longchamp

coach outlet online

christian louboutin shoes

longchamps

christian louboutin shoes

burberry outlet online

nike air max

coach factory outlet online

swarovski crystals

nike outlet online

michael kors outlet

gucci

yeezy boost 350

true religion outlet online

celine outlet online

louboutin outlet

longchamp handbags

adidas nmd runner

fendi bags

mont blanc pen

true religion

kate spade handbags

adidas superstar trainers

true religion jeans

tods shoes

cheap jordan shoes

coach factory outlet online

nfl jerseys cheap

air max

rolex replica watches for sale

adidas trainers

mlb jerseys

montblanc pens

hermes outlet online

polo ralph lauren outlet

coach outlet online

kate spade outlet

mlb jerseys

coach outlet store

eahawks jerseys

christian louboutin sale

christian louboutin sale

coach factory outlet online

longchamp bags

christian louboutin pas cher

vans outlet

michael kors

pandora charms outlet

michael kors bags

true religion jeans outlet

christian louboutin shoes

ray bans

coach factory outlet online

fitflop sandals

pandora charms sale clearance

yeezy boost 350

red bottom heels

moncler outlet online

adidas nmd r1

under armour outlet

coach outlet store online clearance

pandora charms sale clearance

salomon boots 

adidas sneakers

nike roshe one

pandora charms outlet

coach outlet online

polo ralph lauren

oakley sunglasses wholesale

coach outlet store online

cheap nike sneakers

dansko outlet

yeezy shoes

coach outlet online

nike outlet

coach outlet online

170707yueqin

MaoisesSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-07
installment loan los angeles http://paydayfastnowz.com/ - fast payday loans fast payday loans cash loans tuscaloosa

[url=http://paydayfastnowz.com/] payday express[/url]

MaoisesSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-07
cash advance homestead florida http://paydayfastnowz.com/ - payday express fast payday loans top in PHX cash advance

[url=http://paydayfastnowz.com/] payday express[/url]

MaoisesSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-07
one lender cash loans http://paydayfastnowz.com/ - payday loans online loans for bad credit loan calcul

[url=http://paydayfastnowz.com/] payday express[/url]

MaoisesSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-07
payday advance maryland http://paydayfastnowz.com/ - payday loans fast payday loans payday loans in ct

[url=http://paydayfastnowz.com/] payday express[/url]

VladSpine的头像
注册: 2017-06-17
le viagra fatigu viagra cheap cheap viagra 24 hour viagra online
VladSpine的头像
注册: 2017-06-17
le viagra 100 generic viagra viagra online australiaviagra
VladSpine的头像
注册: 2017-06-17
viagra north dakota viagra generic viagra look here order viagra pill
VladSpine的头像
注册: 2017-06-17
uk buy viagra online buy viagra buy viagra ordinare viagra itali
RemokSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
what is generic cialis soft buy cialis online cialis online buy cialis au
VladlenSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
viagra probepackung kostenlos http://cheapviagrahionline.com/ - online viagra viagra online female viagra effects
RemokSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
risks buying cialis online cheap cialis online buy cialis online cialis 20mg grati
RemokSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
the best choice cialis price cialis generic online cialis european cialis
VladlenSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
buy viagra black http://cheapviagrahionline.com/ - cheap viagra buy viagra online we choice low price viagra
RemokSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
kosten cialis online cialis cialis online cialis apotheke osterreich
VladlenSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
viagra coventry shop viagra online generic viagra same? viagra is the
VladlenSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
i want the cheapest viagra http://cheapviagrahionline.com/ - buy viagra online generic viagra can buy viagra boots
SemioSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-18
generic name for cialis. cheap cialis buy cheap cialis quanto costa cialis in italia
VladlenSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
muestra libre s de viagra buy viagra viagra online in viagra buy us
VladlenSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-17
viagra pfizer order http://cheapviagrahionline.com/ - viagra cheap viagra cheap 100mg viagra review
SemioSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-18
take cialis before going out cheap cialis cheap cialis online try it cialis pharmacy
YuliaSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-21
doctor with viagra buy viagra buy viagra viagra cialis costi.
YuliaSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-21
viagra canada address viagra viagra online viagra naturale impotenza
DedirSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-21
mejor cialis 10 o 20 m buy cheap cialis cialis online cialis 20 vidal
YuliaSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-21
viagra ordonnance obligatoir [url=http://generiviagrasonline.com/]cheap viagra[/url] generic viagra viagra pour homme canad
YuliaSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-21
generic viagra fedex overnight viagra online viagra how much does 1 viagra cost
DedirSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-21
buy generic cialis cipla cialis online buy cialis online best lowest price of cialis
YuliaSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-21
viagra uk sale viagra cheap buy viagra online nome de generico do viagra.
YuliaSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-21
viagra generique suisse online viagra viagra cheap comprar viagra barata online
RalphDic的头像
注册: 2017-07-22
can i buy clomiphene over the counter clomiphene citrate buy clomiphene citrate buy buy clomiphene citrate 50 mg

[url=http://buyxclomiphene.com/]buy clomiphene citrate 100mg [/url]

Clementmen的头像
注册: 2017-07-22
where can i buy diflucan over the counter buy diflucan online diflucan one where to buy can you buy diflucan over the counter

[url=http://buyxdiflucan.com/]buy diflucan online [/url]

KolyaSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-05
cialis erfahrun http://buycheapcialisonl.com/ - buy cheap cialis online cheap cialis online buy cialis without a script

[url=http://cialislos.com/]buy cheap cialis[/url]

KolyaSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-05
le mieux en ligne cialis http://buycheapcialisonl.com/ - online cialis buy cialis cheap cialis .50 per pill

[url=http://cialislos.com/]buy cheap cialis[/url]

GoriSpine的头像
注册: 2017-07-24
how to get a payday loan on unemployment http://paydaytonlin.com/ - fast cash personal loan unsecure loans for bad credit

[url=http://paydaytonlin.com/]short term loans[/url]

Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25
Bookervax的头像
注册: 2017-07-25

页面