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福特的安省保守党政府修改劳工法的其他细节
Other changes in labor laws by Ontario PC government


 
这是介绍安省保守党政府废除148号法案(此法案称为:公平工作场所,工资更高)的第二部分。(译注:保守党出台了47号法案来修改148号法案中的部分条款)。有关此法案的第一篇文章,请访问:http://chinesenewsgroup.com/news/665577。

This is the second part of an article on the repealing of Bill#148 (The Fair Workplaces, Better Jobs Act) by the Ontario PC government. For the first part, please click http://chinesenewsgroup.com/news/665577.
 
以下是即将实施的第47号法案的介绍: 
The following outline the other major changes to be implemented soon by Bill#47 :
 
工人调配
Scheduling

修改前:第148号法案规定,除非有特殊情况,如果在工作开始工作前的48小时取消轮班,雇主必须向工人支付3小时的工资。除非有特殊情况,如果雇主没有在工作前96小时通知工人,工人可以拒绝轮班,且不用担心遭到雇主的报复。该法案还规定,工人在被雇三个月后可以要求更改工作时间或地点。



Before: Bill 148 required employers to pay workers three hours of wages if they cancel shifts within 48 hours of their scheduled start time, with certain exceptions. Workers can also refuse shifts if their employer asks them to work with less than 96 hours’ notice, without fear of retaliation, with certain exceptions. It also gave workers the right to request changes to their schedules or work locations after three months of employment.

修改后:不用支付工人报酬,雇主可以在工作前48小时内取消工人的轮班。即使雇主没有在工作前96小时通知工人轮班,工人仍需要轮班。雇主可以在工人休假的日子里要求工人随时上班。工人也将无权要求更改其轮班日期或工作地点。借助这些调配工人的权利规定,雇主在市场上将更具有竞争力。

After: There will be no compensation for shifts cancelled with less than 48 hours' notice. Workers cannot decline shift changes with less than 96 hours' notice. Employers can put workers on-call on their days off. Workers will also no longer have the right to request changes to their schedule or work location. This will put the employers in a more competitive position with operational flexibility restored.

 
成立工会
Unionization

修改前:第148号法案对安省的劳工法进行了一系列修改,包括废除对建筑服务,家庭护理和短期救助机构中成立工会的限制。148号法案还规定,只要有20%的工人要求组织工会,工会就可以向雇主索取所有工人的工作和个人信息。另外,雇主与工会之间的第一份劳资合同中的劳资争端调解和调解仲裁条款都对成立工会更容易。

Before: Bill 148 introduced a number of changes to Ontario’s labour laws, including repealing restrictions on card-based union certification in building services, home care and temporary help agencies. It also required employers share lists of workers and their personal information with proposed bargaining unit attaining the support of at least 20% of the workers. Mediation and mediation-arbitration provisions as well as provisions for educational support relating to first collective agreements making it easier for workers to unionize.

修改后:安省保守党政府将恢复那些在建筑服务,家庭护理和短期救助机构中成立工会的限制条款。它将废除要求雇主与工会或工会组织者分享工人名单及其个人信息的规定。它还废除了迫使雇主加快签订第一份劳资合同的规定。



After: Ontario PC government is restoring regulations restricting card-based union certification for building services, home care and temporary help agencies. It is repealing rules that require employers to share lists of workers and their personal information with union or union organizers. It is also repealing provisions to force the employers to speed up the process for first contracts.

提高最低工资
Raising the Minimum Wage

修改前:安省已经最低工资从每小时11.60元提高到2018年1月1日的14元,原计划在2019年1月1日将最低工资从每小时14元提高到每小时15元。这一举动不仅遭到了雇主们的反对,还导致工人以更高的税率交所得税。

Before: Ontario raised the minimum wage from $11.60 per hour to $14 on January 1, 2018 and scheduled to increase the minimum wage from $14 per hour to $15 per hour on January 1, 2019. This was opposed by the employers and it also pushed the workers' wages into a higher tax bracket resulting in a higher tax rate for them.

 
修改后:安大略省政府取消了最低工资增长,并将近三年的最低工资维持在每小时14元。2020年10月1日以后,最低工资的增长幅度将参考通胀进行调整。为抵消冻结最低工资的负面影响,低于30,000元年薪的工人可以免缴安省省税。

After: Ontario PC government is cancelling the minimum wage increase and freezing the minimum wage at $14 for nearly three years. Annual adjustments to the minimum wage tied to inflation would restart as of October 1, 2020. In exchange, workers making less than $30,000 are exempted from paying Ontario taxes.

以下是47号法案中没有废除的条款:
The following will not be repealed by the new Bill #47:

·3小时规则。雇主必须向员工至少支付3小时的工资,即使员工的实际工作不超过3小时。
·工作5年以上可以享受3周的带薪假期。
·工人如遇家庭暴力或性暴力案件不能上班,其职位将被保留。
·已经涨了的最低工资不能再减回去。



·the 3-hour rule, insofar as employers are required to pay employees for 3 hours of work, where an employee who regularly works more than 3 hours a day is required to report to work, but works less than 3 hours;
·3 weeks of paid vacation after 5 years of employment; and
·leave entitlements in the case of domestic or sexual violence.
·the previous minimum wage increases.

我要提醒读者的是,如果雇主已经按照148号法案签订了劳资合同,在合同到期,新合同谈判前,此合同很可能无法再改变。那些还没有按照148号法案修改的劳资合同在条款修改上将更有讨价还价的空间。目前从事劳资谈判的雇主应按照劳工法的规定进行谈判。

I must give my readers some words of caution - employers who amended their collective agreement language with unions to reflect Bill#148 requirements are likely without recourse until they negotiate again. Whereas employers who haven’t made changes to their language may have more flexibility. Employers who are currently engaged in bargaining should ensure that, where possible, they use language that limits the employer’s obligations to statutory compliance.

通过第47号法案是立法的重点。由于保守党在省议会占有大多数席位,它的快速通过不会有问题。
Bill#47 will go through the legislative process with a high priority. With a majority PC government, its quick passage is guaranteed.

 

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