内容

共管公寓的储备金影响你的单位能否卖出个好价钱,能否能很快脱手
Condo reserve fund is one of most important issue the owners have to pay attention




共管公寓的管理由代表各个单位业主的董事会主持。共管公寓公司的章程规定公寓运营的框架以及每个月每个单位要交的公寓维护费用。有关共管公寓的有关话题,请点击:http://chinesenewsgroup.com/news/667802
Condominiums operations are controlled by a Board of Directors working on behalf of all the owners. The Declaration of the Condominium Corporation defines the framework for the operations as well as the monthly maintenance fees apportioned to each individual unit. For the earlier article in this Condominium series, please click: http://chinesenewsgroup.com/news/667802

2017年,多伦多共管公寓平均维护费为每月每平方英尺0.65元,低端的为0.22元,豪华的为1.35元。由于各个共管公寓之间的差别很大,因此很难比较各个公寓的维护费用。拥有大量单位的共管公寓意味着每个单位对大楼的维修费用负担低。带有游泳池的维护费用将比没有游泳池的维护费用高,因为维护此类设施需要额外费用。

The average Condominium monthly maintenance fee for Toronto in 2017 was 65 cents per square foot, with 22 cents at the low end and $1.35 at the high end. It is difficult to compare maintenance fees since there are many variable components between condominiums. Large number of units within a Condominium Corporation would mean a smaller contribution of fees is needed from each unit. Maintenance Fees for buildings with swimming pools will be more expensive than those without due to the added costs for maintenance of such amenity.

今天你也许关心的话题:

媒体质疑中国驻加拿大领事馆招募志愿者
你知道川普弹劾案后续流程的7个问题吗?
2020年如何成功安排你的个人财务?

想要阅读与本文有关的话题?请点击本文末的链接!



共管公寓维护费由两个部分组成:日常运作资金和储备金。日常运作资金支付物业管理公司,安全,清洁,电梯维护和建筑机械维护的费用。这些只是显而易见的费用,共管公寓还要支付其他许多费用,包括报险,审计师费用,设施维修和园林绿化等。

The Condominium maintenance fee consists of two components – the Operating fund and the Reserve Fund. The Operating Fund looks after daily operations such as Management fees, security expenses, cleaning fees, elevator maintenance, and building machinery maintenance. These are just very obvious items but there are many others – insurance, auditors fees, facility repairs, and landscaping maintenance just to name a few.

根据《安省共管公寓法》的规定,公寓公司每三年要请建筑工程咨询公司做一次储备金状况的研究报告,以确保公寓公司有足够的储备金。该报告将确定哪些公寓里的建筑和设备在年久失修后需要更换。储备金将用于更换这些项目。如果有项目急需更新,报告将对储备金的数额进行调整。需增加的储备金的来自每月业主所交的维护费用。

The Reserve Fund is established and adjusted based on a Reserve Fund Study conducted by an Engineering firm every three years as it is required by the Ontario Condominium Act. The study will identify items that need to be replaced over an extended period. Reserve Funds will be expended for replacements and new funding will be allocated for future repairs based on estimation of deterioration. The replenishment of Reserve Funds come from the monthly maintenance fees.



在共管公寓的年度财务审计中,审计师必须指出储备金是否足够。审计报告在年度业主大会(AGM)开会之前分发给每个业主,以供业主们审核和质疑(如有必要)。有合理的储备金对于共管公寓业主至关重要,因为潜在买家在出价之前要看共管公寓的“状况证明”,而储备金的状况是买家首先要看的东西。储备金不足或管理不善的储备基金可能会导致公寓公司向所有业主收取一次性的特别评估费,对建筑物进行紧急抢修的费用。

During the yearly financial audit performed by the auditor, the Reserve Fund's viability will have to be addressed. The audit reports are distributed to the owners before the Annual General Meeting (AGM) for their review and questioning if necessary. A healthy Reserve Fund is essential to the Condominium owners since potential buyers will want to examine this item before they put in their offers for the sale through obtaining a “status certificate” from the Condominium Corporation. Underfunded or mismanaged Reserve Funds can result in one-time special assessment fees imposed on all owners to effect critical and urgent repairs to the building.

共管公寓公司董事会通常不会插手物业管理公司对运营资金的使用。董事会将根据物业管理公司的提交的管理建议和合同挑选由哪个管理公司来管理物业。物业管理公司可以决定公寓的小额支出,并由董事会审核。

The Board of Directors will not typically micro manage the use of funding by the Condominium Management. Contract proposals are presented to the Board for review and approval before signing by the Board. Minor expenditures are executed at the discretion of property managers working for Condominium Management and reviewed at Board Meetings.



《安省共管公寓法》第97条限制了共管公寓董事会的对公寓资金的支配权,以防止共管公寓的资金被滥用而又不让业主参与。许多情况下,共管公寓董事会会挪用那些用于其他方面的资金用来装修公寓的大厅或美化环境上。

Section 97 of the Ontario Condominium Act limits the spending power of the Condominium Board of Directors to prevent any abuse of the Condominium Funds without getting the owners involved in major decisions. There are examples of Condominium Boards wanting to spend large amounts on beautifying building lobbies or landscaping projects when funds should be used for other much needed services.

根据《安省共管公寓法》,董事会可以在不通知业主的情况下提高公寓支出,额度从$1000到不超过年度支出预算的1%,用于改善公寓的状况。如果超出1%的年度支出预算,董事会必须告知所有业主,并开业主大会来投票是否同意超支。将来,该限额最终将更改为30,000元和不超过年度预算的3%。

Under the Condominium Act, the Board of Directors is allowed to expense less than the greater of $1,000 and 1% of the annual budget to make any addition, alteration, improvement or change in assets to the common elements without notifying the owners. Otherwise, they have to advise owners of their right to requisition an owners meeting to vote on the item. This limit will eventually be changed to “less than the lesser of $30,000 and 3% of the annual budget” in future.

拥有称职的和能做明智决定的董事会和物业管理公司是共管公寓不出问题的重要因素。这都将影响到你单位的升值,和吸引人们前来购买。我将在下一篇来谈这一话题。

A Board of Directors with the proper managerial and decision making skills is essential to the success of any Condominium Corporation and the increase in property value and attractiveness for sale. We will explore that area next time.



我们鼓励所有读者在我们的文章和博客上分享意见。We are committed to maintaining a lively but civil forum for discussion, so we ask you to avoid personal attacks, and please keep your comments relevant and respectful. Visit the FAQ page for more information.

验证码
请输入验证码

评论总数

对本文的评论有7条
無名氏的头像
nmxtfkEnups (未验证) on 星期日, 四月 26, 2020 - 00:21
bad credit car loans sba loans <a href=" https://paydailoanz.com/# ">navient student loans</a> marcus loans va loans prosper loans debt consolidation loans [url=https://paydailoanz.com/# ] caliber home loans login[/url] online payday loans sba loans https://paydailoanz.com/# - payday loans https://businesselitesafrica.com/trending/buhari-has-not-received-2018-budget-from-national-assembly/?unapproved=486357&moderation-hash=0166efc84d47860ddbcaecb5b250a34e#comment-486357 http://springoil.org/510.html?unapproved=1696&moderation-hash=273edf6f5a42d48112ffc1c4e3d06e4c#comment-1696 http://www.signscope.com.au/photo/bvsc-car-park-directional/?unapproved=92706&moderation-hash=53392b5d9c741f0bbff96a9c29d447cb#comment-92706 https://microbiomelearningcenter.com/prebiotics-resveratrol-now-linked-to-the-microbiome/?unapproved=198&moderation-hash=0d0378a6ec3d5f2d0e654729c830150e#comment-198 https://www.neverplan.net/th/product-detail/606/poly-mailer-ldpe-17-25-cm.html
無名氏的头像
hwzoaExign (未验证) on 星期三, 四月 15, 2020 - 14:31
how much money can i make on social security how to make money without a job <a href=" https://lambotero.life/ ">make money</a> make money online surveys easy ways to make money online make money make money taking surveys [url=https://pregewbode.ru/] work from home[/url] make money online surveys how much money can you make on disability http://do-mo.ru/ - make money
無名氏的头像
mmzinExign (未验证) on 星期二, 四月 14, 2020 - 21:24
make money now instant payout how to make money on youtube videos <a href=" https://krasaragig.ru/ ">work from home</a> how did george soros make his money how to make money as a kid make money at home make money online free [url=http://a-premises.ru/] work from home[/url] make extra money money make http://locksmithquestions.com/ - make money
無名氏的头像
xtmqlExign (未验证) on 星期二, 四月 14, 2020 - 04:19
where did nancy pelosi make her money how to make money on facebook <a href=" http://glace-pro.ru/ ">make money</a> make money online fast how did tom steyer make his money free ways to make money online how to make money as a teen [url=http://lapierotta.ru/] work from home[/url] how to make money with bitcoin how to make extra money http://sergeydrive.ru/ - make money
無名氏的头像
vbsnhExign (未验证) on 星期日, 四月 12, 2020 - 08:43
make money on the side make money on the side <a href=" https://make-money-blogs.com/# ">make money</a> ways to make money how to make money how to start a blog and make money how to make easy money [url=https://make-money-blogs.com/# ] make money[/url] best way to make money how to make money as a teen https://make-money-blogs.com/# - work from home
無名氏的头像
ogkryExign (未验证) on 星期一, 四月 6, 2020 - 23:20
gnc substitute for viagra canadian viagra <a href=" https://viagrnetwork.com/#">viagra vs cialis </a> viagra erection ejaculation gif viagra fuck generic viagra available in usa wife massage viagra <a href=https://viagrnetwork.com/#>viagra erection </a> where to get generic viagra forum how much are viagra pills https://viagrnetwork.com/# - cheap viagra https://theliot.fr/2018/11/les-activites-a-faire-durant-vos-circuits-en-polynesie/?unapproved=19421&moderation-hash=ee3a9fbb122bd93585b0347544434157#comment-19421 http://breaknews.fr/?p=3905&unapproved=956942&moderation-hash=f6473913f141ea0d11ddcf5089458bbc#comment-956942 https://sueprestontraining.com/negotiation-community-forum/topic/this-program-can-solve-any-captcha/#postid-923655 https://www.freedomnewsreport.com/2019/05/16/biden-cant-handle-foreign-policy-according-to-obamas-defense-secretary/?unapproved=401847&moderation-hash=c8513220e29ff5244df5bad9c4b7cdd5#comment-401847 http://www.attaqs.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1298110#post1298110
無名氏的头像
rbtozExign (未验证) on 星期日, 三月 29, 2020 - 12:49
errection video after taking viagra first time using viagra <a href=" https://pharm-usa-official.com/# #">generic viagra available </a> natural equivalent to viagra female viagra orgasm real viagra in mexico viagra erection vs regular <a href=https://pharm-usa-official.com/#>online viagra </a> how long does viagra take to work cheapest drug store for viagra https://pharm-usa-official.com - cheap viagra http://bbs.njukao.com/space-uid-1224920.html https://www.qsocs.com/blog/physical-design-training-at-qsocs-in-bangalore/?unapproved=17099&moderation-hash=09a5149d2450fc520f8b5095d169eaab#comment-17099 http://www.jsgcks.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=109781 https://cmacconstruction.com/alb-a1b/?unapproved=256322&moderation-hash=18eca660f1456d5d054c3ee1ad847f9a#comment-256322 http://www.radioveronicaone.it/2018/12/12/anastasio-e-il-vincitore-di-x-factor-2018/?unapproved=344069&moderation-hash=24caab0341e81f6b78d0ff0ab38ae40a#comment-344069