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为了赢得明年6月大选,安省保守党从偏右走向中偏右
Patrick Brown tries to grab political centre

 
 
过去一年来,安省自由党一直都在设法引诱进步的保守党党魁布彭建邦公布他的竞选纲领。自由党谴责彭建邦只会攻击自由党为1918年的省选打造的竞选纲领,自己却提不出任何新东西。

Over the past year, Ontario Liberal Party has baited Ontario Progressive Conservative Party leader Patrick Brown to reveal his election platform. They chastised him for attacking the governments policies tailored made for the 1918 provincial election while not offering any of his own suggestions.
 
 
安省自由党在过去十年中已经演变成一个政治变色龙。为了从新民主党手中抢选票,自由党把新民主党的一些竞选政策占为己有。保守党没有上钩,一直避而不谈自己的竞选纲领。

The provincial Liberal party has morphed into a political chameleon over the last decade, it has been selectively adopting planks from the New Democratic Party as her own and absorbing NDP voters with these ideas. The same tactics did not work with the Progressive Conservatives as nothing was announced and available to them.


过去14年来,安省自由党政府丑闻不断,政府赤字巨大。为了能在明年大选中再次成为执政的多数党,自由党在过去的6个月中抛出了许多新的提案和法律来拉拢选民。保守党党魁彭建邦于11月25日召开的安省保守党代表大会上公布了自己的竞选政纲,使得自由党没有时间再去剽窃保守党的执政想法。彭建邦将自己的竞选承诺起名为“向人民保证”。发誓如果不履行五项重大承诺,他将在赢得大选后,自己任期结束时不再寻求连任。

Many new proposals and laws were put into place by Ontario Liberal government over the last 6 months to lure voters for another majority term to remain in power after a 14 year stretch of scandals and deficits. The release of promises by Progressive Conservative Leader Patrick Brown on Nov 25, 2017 at the PC Party Policy Convention means that it is now too late for the Liberals to steal any of these ideas. Patrick Brown named his promises a “People’s Guarantee” and pledged not to run for a second term if he fails to deliver on five major commitments.
 
 
彭建邦的“向人民保证”的许诺文件有78页,共有147个承诺。其中五大承诺如下:
1)将中产阶级的所得税降低到22.5%。
2)报销75%的托儿费用。
3)把水电费再降12%。
4)加大心理健康服务,这一承诺在加拿大省级政府历史上从未有过。
5)通过信任,诚信和责任法案,这在加拿大也是一个先例。

The five major commitments are supported by 147 promises detailed in a 78-page magazine named “People’s Guarantee”. The five major commitments are as follows:
1)            22.5% lower income taxes for middle class.
2)            75% refund of child care expenses.
3)            12% more off the Hydro Bills.
4)            Largest mental health commitment in Canadian Provincial History.
5)            First-ever Trust, Integrity, and Accountability Act.

 
其他的承诺包括报销部分冬季轮胎和在通勤列车上提供Wi-Fi服务。我们从这些承诺中能嗅觉到哪些味道呢?这些政策表明安省保守党开始从偏右转向中偏右。彭建邦将照顾那些为托儿费用而头疼的家庭,给中产阶级降低税务包袱,加大对精神健康问题的投资。
 
The other promises ranged from a rebate to winter tires to Wi-Fi on Go Trains. What can we sense from these promises? The policies indicate a move by the PC Party from the right back to the centre of Ontario Policies. Help is promised for families struggling with child-care costs. The middle class is getting a tax cut and mental health issues are getting a much needed boost.

 
当然,选民要问的一个问题是:“确保这些承诺所需的资金来自哪里?”。承诺这些钱的很大一部分来自联邦的碳税。这是一个非常有争议的政策,许多传统的保守派反对这一做法。电费法案会在自由党承诺的降低电费25%的基础上再减12%。这一措施所需要的资金将来自Hydro One私有化所得到3.5亿。在平衡赤字以前,承诺这些措施将会让保守党执政的第一年的赤字达到28亿元。

Of course, the next question from the voters will be: “Where is the money necessary to support these promises coming from ?”. A good portion will come from Ontario joining the Federal Carbon Tax, a very controversial policy that is opposed by many traditional conservatives. The Hydro Bill reduction of another 12% more on top of what the Liberals are offering (25%) will come from the province’s $350-million dividend from its share in the privatized Hydro One. All of these expenses will result in a projected deficit of $2.8 billion in the first year before a balance can be achieved after that.
 
 
安省自由党急不可耐地攻击保守党的这一竞选纲领,声称这些承诺不可能实现。自由党说,保守党的部分纲领实际上是套用了自由党的竞选纲领。事实上,自由党是指保守党对精神健康的拨款。彭建邦承诺在2018-19财年增加支出1.51亿元,2019-2020年增加1.9亿元,后续每个财政年度增加超过2亿元。

The Liberal Party went on the attack immediately, claiming that the promises are not achievable with the proposed funding. They also claimed that parts of what the PC Party is offering actually come from the Liberal Platform. This is in reference to the Mental Health Commitment where Brown promised to increase spending by $151 million in the 2018-19 fiscal year, another $190 million in 2019-2020 and by more than $200 million in each subsequent fiscal year.

 
彭建邦在安大略省不是家喻户晓的人物。选择这一时间公布竞选纲领对提高他的知名度有所帮助,同时也是保守党的转折点。保守党现在不用对自由党现政府指指点点,而开始告诉百姓,如果他们上台会做什么。保守党的这些承诺和保证拔高了彭建邦的形象。如果自由党继续指控彭建邦是个草包,这搞不好会搬起石头砸自己的脚。这也使得自由党很难在投票日(2018年6月7日)前的短时期内“窃取”保守党的政纲,并将这些政纲纳入自由党的政纲。

Patrick Brown is not a household name in Ontario. The timing of this release of the election platform was helpful and it was a pivot point for the party. They can now shift from just criticizing the government to proposing what they would do differently for the people. The promises and pledge will raise Brown's profile. It is now awkward for the Liberals to continue to claim that Brown has no ideas. It also makes it difficult for them to “steal” any of the policies and incorporate them into their platform with such a short time left to the election date (June 7, 2018).

 
下一次,我们将看看彭建邦147个承诺中的一些细节。 
Next time, we will look at the details of some of the 147 promises that are.
 
 
 
 
 

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