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研究证明:青少年时与家人拥有的良好关系可预防忧郁症的发生
Teenagers who have good relationships with their families are less depressed later in life, study finds




英国每日邮报(Daily Mail )近日的一篇文章指出,研究人员对18,000名青少年进行跟踪直到他们成年,并对他们在这个期间的抑郁症发病时间进行记录。同时还询问了家人对这些受试者的了解程度,关注度以及家人与他们争吵的频率。研究发现,拥有良好家庭关系的青少年,即使到成年也不太可能发生抑郁。成年女性中,如果她们在过去有着和睦的家庭关系,尤其是20多岁的女性,罹患抑郁症的几率会下降两倍。

一项新的研究表明,在幼童和青少年期间,孩子与家人保持的良好关系可预防成年后抑郁症的发生。
 
来自北卡罗来纳大学教会山分校的研究人员发现,与家庭关系亲密的青少年不太容易感到焦虑或悲伤。



若与家人的关系紧张,尤其是这种情况发生在幼年的女性罹患抑郁症的风险就会增加一倍。

该研究团队为这项结果提供了证据,青少年时期的孩子可以从父母那里学习解决问题和应对危机的技巧和能力,在情绪低落时知道寻求依靠和帮助,这种能力让他们能够更加自如地应对成年后面对的压力。

抑郁症是一种严重的情绪障碍,会引起持续的伤感并影响日常生活。

该病通常始于青少年时期,14岁前,11人中就有1个患病,并且到成年时有复发的可能性。

抑郁症病人一般都有着不健康的心理,发病与药物,酒精和自杀等有关。


 
目前,尽管医学对抑郁症的治疗有众多突破,包括众多的新药上市以及新型疗法的普及。但许多精神专科医生建议,对抑郁症的预防和早期干预才是关键。

多项研究表明,拥有一个团结和睦的家庭可以帮助青少年应对压力并能向他人表达自己的问题。

发表在JAMA儿科杂志上的这项研究,为了采集数据,课题小组招募了18,000名青少年,并对其进行了数十年的随访直到他们长到32岁至42岁。

抑郁症的严重程度是使用CESD-R图表来进行评估的,该图表依赖于患者对前一周所作的症状自我评估。

参与测试者需要分别对抱怨,沮丧和悲伤这三个症状的程度指标进行选择,0-3(表示“从不”到“始终”)。

与家庭关系的好坏通过两个指标来衡量:家庭凝聚力和亲子冲突次数。



家庭凝聚力表示家人对孩子情绪起伏的理解,关注他们并让他们获得乐趣的程度,而亲子冲突次数则意味着父母和孩子在过去一个月中就其行为争吵的频率。

研究结果显示,家庭关系更为积极向上的青少年较少出现抑郁和悲伤的症状。

生活在关系紧张的家庭,特别是在青春期和20岁出头的女性罹患抑郁症的几率大约是生活在具有正能量家庭的两倍。

对30-40岁年龄段的男女性来说,家庭关系的影响就不那么明显。

最后,研究人员还发现,女性在青少年时期患抑郁症的风险最高;而男性则要到30多岁或40多岁时才发病。

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